Essential requirements for any unattended machinery space (UMS) Ship to able to sail at sea are enumerated in the SOLAS 1974 Chapter II-1, regulations 46 to regulation 53. The main points discussed in this chapter are discussed in this article.
Requirements for Unattended Machinery Space (UMS) Ship
a) In the boiler air supply casing and uptake.
b) In scavenge space of propulsion machinery.
B) In engines of power 2250 Kw and above or cylinders having bore more than 300mm should be provided with oil mist detector for crankcase or bearing temperature monitor or either of two.
Protection against Flooding
Bilge well in UMS ship should be located and provided in such a manner that the accumulation of liquid is detected at normal angle of heel and trim and should also have enough space to accommodate the drainage of liquid during unattended period.
In case of automatic starting of bilge pump, the alarm should be provided to indicate that the flow of liquid pumped is more than the capacity of the pump.
Control of Propulsion Machinery from Navigation Bridge
The ship should be able to be controlled from bridge under all sailing conditions. The bridge should be able to control the speed, direction of thrust, and should be able to change the pitch in case of controllable pitch propeller.
Emergency stop should be provided on navigating bridge, independent of bridge control system.
The remote operation of the propulsion should be possible from one location at a time; at such connection interconnected control position are permitted.
The number of consecutive automatic attempt which fails to start the propulsion machinery shall be limited to safeguard sufficient starting air pressure.
Centralized control & instruments are required in Machinery Space
Centralized control system should be there so that engineers may be called to the machinery space during emergencies from wherever they are.
Automatic Fire Detection
Alarms and detection should operate very rapidly and effectively. It should be placed at numerous well sited places for quick response of the detectors.
Fire Extinguishing System
There should be arrangement for fire extinguishing system other than the conventional hand extinguishers which can be operated remotely from machinery space. The station must give control of emergency fire pumps, generators, valves, extinguishing media etc.
A comprehensive alarm system must be provided for control & accomodation areas.
Automatic Start of Emergency Generator
1) Local hand control of essential machineries like steering, emergency generator starting, emergency start for main engine etc.
2) Adequate settling tank storage capacity.
3) Regular testing & maintainence of machinery alarms & instruments.
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