The shipping and maritime sectors are under a transformation. From digitisation to stringent environmental protection laws to changing shipping container dimensions, new technologies, amendments, regulations etc., are continuously being added to the industry.
One of the most significant transformations in the history of shipping and the maritime sector was when the first cargo container was introduced to reduce the price of transportation of products drastically. Today, different shipping container dimensions are used depending on the type of cargo.
Related Reading: History of Containerisation
As of today, more than 17 million containers of different dimensions and types are used globally to make container shipping the most efficient method of transportation.
The ISO sets the standard shipping container dimensions. So these containers are ISO certified, which means they are brought into business only when manufactured and tested per the specifications provided by the International Organization for Standardisation to ensure that the freight is suitable for multiple transportation modes, i.e. via cargo ship, truck or rail.
The ISO Shipping containers must fit perfectly onto ships and lock into chassis and trailers. They stack perfectly on railcars, which saves space and makes transportation of goods easier and convenient.
The weight of the container is of three types, the tare weight, the gross weight and the payload.
Related Reading: 16 Types of Container Designs
In this article, we will discuss the important specifications of the shipping containers, including storage container dimensions and markings. The materials used for manufacturing a shipping container are either aluminium or steel, making them excellent to use for dry and packaged cargo.
The advantage of dry aluminium containers over a steel container is that the former handles a slightly larger payload, whereas the dry steel containers have a slightly larger internal cube.
Related Reading: What is an intermodal container?
Following are the dimensions of standard shipping containers used in the international shipping market:
Table of Contents
20 ft. shipping container dimensions
A standard ISO container of 20ft is the most popular of all and is used by ships of all sizes, big or small. The twenty-foot container dimensions are as follows:
The twenty-foot shipping container can carry the maximum gross weight of 30480 kg / 67200 lbs for general purpose containers and up to 45,000 kg (99,207 lbs) for flat racks.
A 20 ft reefer container has a payload capacity of 27 400kg. Other special type containers include double door and flat rack containers.
40 ft shipping container dimensions
40-foot standard container dimension offers double the volume compared to a 20 ft container and costs just 15-25% more than the latter. It makes the 40ft containers the most cost-efficient shipping container for goods carriage by ship.
A 40ft shipping container can carry the maximum weight of 30480kg / 67200lbs for general purpose containers, up to 60,000 kg (123,276 lbs) for Flatracks and 35,000 kg (77,161 lbs) for reefer containers.
45 ft shipping container dimensions
45 ft containers provide slightly better cubic feet capacity than a 40 ft container giving valuable extra space to the shipper and giving the following advantage:
- Efficient Cargo Transportation
- Potentially Lower Transport Cost
The payload capacity of 45 ft container is almost similar to a 40 ft container.
The above specifications are a representation of the commonly used containers. Specific container dimensions and capacity of the ISO containers may vary depending on the manufacturer, the age of the container, and the container owner.
Related reading: Handing Containers On Ships: Dimensions, Markings And Bay Plan
Other shipping container dimensions are available in the market, mainly used for road and rail transportation – 8ft, 9ft,10ft, 53 ft, and 60 ft.
Apart from standard containers, there are also high cube shipping containers, usually higher than standard containers. They are great for transporting overweight cargo.
Markings on a shipping container
The standard for the coding, identification or container id, and marking of containers is DIN EN ISO 6346, dated January 1996.
Following are the different markings provided in an ISO container.
The container marking is the primary identification marking on the door end of an ISO container. It consists of seven numbers and four letters, which the ISO allots to identify every container to its owner. The number is unique for everyone and is registered for the records with Bureau International des Containers (BIC), Paris.
Suppose the container number, as shown in the diagram, is-
ABCD 123456 7
Here the first three letters, i.e. ABC, denote- Code for the Owner of the container.
The 4th letter, D, provides -the container category.
The first six numbers, i.e. 123456, are the container serial numbers.
The last number, i.e. 7, is- the check digit, which is used to validate if the owner or product group code and the registration number have been accurately transmitted.
Related Reading: How are shipping containers made?
The shipping line or container vendor’s logo/name is provided on the end door.
The ISO container code is stencilled below the container identification number. It provides the details of the type of container, i.e. GP (for general purpose), DV (for a dry van) etc. and also denotes the size of the container. E.g. if the ISO code below the container identification number is 45 G0, the first number, i.e. “4”, denotes the code length (40 ft), and the second number, i.e. “5”, is the code for width. The last two alpha-numeric character shows the type and subtype of the ISO container.
Weights & Payload
All the details of container and cargo weight are also marked on the end door.
– The weight of the shipping container: The true weight of an empty container provided by the manufacturer post the manufacturing process.
– Payload: This is the maximum cargo weight an approved ISO container can carry
– Gross Weight: The total weight of container and cargo within the safe limit
Approved Classification society label
Before a shipping company uses the container for cargo transfer, it is tested for seaworthiness and compliance with the ISO standards by an approved classification society. The label of the class is also provided on the end door of the container.
Related Reading: What is the international association of classification societies?
Cube or volume
The container’s cubic capacity or volume is marked on the end door.
Warning and Operational Signs
The container may carry various warning labels and signs depending on the cargo type it is moving. For E.g. a heightened container will contain the height or warning stripes on the top part of the container. Similarly, a container carrying hazardous cargo will have a warning sign about the type of hazard or cargo associated with it.
Related Reading: 8 Things Deck Officers Must Know While Handling Packaged IMDG Cargo
Different certificates which are occupied by the container need to be displayed using plates, such as:
CSC plate: Container Safety Convention plate showing the ISO container has been inspected and tested by approved authorities. It also contains details of the owners and other technical specifications.
ACEP stands for Approved Continuous Examination Programme and is provided in the container. This is a safety program for shipping containers, wherein the container under it has to undergo an extensive inspection in a container depot every 30 months of its service. The container owner will renew the ACEP every ten years.
Related Reading: What is Container Security Initiative And How Does It Work?
For a seagoing professional or anyone who wants to transport cargo through shipping containers, it is very important to understand different shipping container dimensions, nomenclature, signals, symbols and signs displayed not only in various parts of the ship but in the cargo containers too.
If you think we missed some or should add more specifications related to the shipping container, please provide your valuable comment below.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is the largest size shipping container?
The 53ft shipping containers are considered the largest ones as they are high cubes, i.e. they are one foot taller and six inches wider than standard containers.
2. What are the dimensions of a 40-foot container?
The standard dimensions of a 40ft container include a 40′ length, 8′ width and 8’6” height. There can be small variations depending on the container manufacturer.
3. Are all containers the same width?
Shipping and storage containers come in many sizes. Usually, 20ft and 40ft containers are the most common ones with a width of 8ft. The height of containers is 8’6”, and a high cube container has an additional extended height making it 9ft 6″.
4. What are the different types of containers?
Shipping containers are of many kinds, including dry storage ones, flat rack Containers, open rack Containers, open side storage Containers, Refrigerated ISO Containers, ISO Tanks, Half Height containers and Special Purpose Containers.
5. What is the most commonly used Shipping container?
The most commonly used shipping containers are dry storage containers. As the name suggests, they carry dry cargo safely. They come in numerous dimensions, such as 10ft, 20ft and 40ft.
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An ardent sailor and a techie, Anish Wankhede has voyaged on a number of ships as a marine engineer officer. He loves multitasking, networking, and troubleshooting. He is the one behind the unique creativity and aesthetics at Marine Insight.
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