Rolling and pitching is a part of every ship that is going out at the sea. The first thing you might think up on hearing the word “Parametric rolling” is that it must be a type of rolling movement occurring in ships. Rolling and Pitching is a normal movement phenomenon which occurs in all kind of ships, so what is new about this?
The difference is that “Parametric Rolling” is a type of movement that is experienced only on Container Ships.
Causes of Parametric Rolling
The size of container ships is increasing drastically as companies are looking forward to monster ships; for e.g. Maersk’s Triple-E Vessels. The new container ships coming to the market have large bow flare and wide beam to decrease the frictional resistance which is generated when the ship fore end passes through the water, making it streamlined with the hull.
As the wave crest travels along the hull, it results in flare immersion in the wave crest and the bow comes down. The stability (GM ) varies as a result of pitching and rolling of the ship. The combination of buoyancy and wave excitation forces push the ship to the other side.
The similar action takes place as the bow goes down in the next wave cycle resulting in synchronous motion which leads to heavy rolling up to 30 degree in a few cycles. This type of rolling is known as Parametric rolling.
This phenomenon occurs only when the sea condition is in head / stern or anywhere near to them. There are two pitch cycles- maximum and minimum. The period of roll is half the natural rolling period which coincides with large phase angle and maximum roll always occurs when the ship is pitching down i.e. bow is down.
Effects of Parametric Roll
- Heavy stresses in ship structure especially in fore and aft parts
- Extreme stresses on container and their securing system resulting in failure of the same and even loss of containers
- Unpleasant for the crew of the ship
- Variation in the load of ship’s propulsion engine
- If not tackled quickly, it can result in capsizing of ship
What to do in case of Parametric Rolling on ships?
- Do not panic in such situation. Keep your calm
- If rolling and pitching occurs simultaneously, avoid a head on sea and change the route.
- Always maintain a correct GM. Ship should not be too tender or too stiff.
- The roll damping measures must be quickly used