Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. announced its official naming and launch at Kobe Works of the SUISO FRONTIER (Kawasaki hull no. 1740), the world’s first liquefied hydrogen carrier.
This vessel was developed to provide a means of transporting liquefied hydrogen at 1/800 of its original gas-state volume, cooled to –253°C, safely and in large quantities over long distances by sea.
Kawasaki plans to install a 1,250 m3 vacuum-insulated, double-shell-structure liquefied hydrogen storage tank, currently being manufactured at Harima Works, on the ship and complete the vessel’s construction by late 2020.
Once complete, the SUISO FRONTIER will be used for technology demonstration testing in Japanese FY 2020 aimed at the establishment of an international hydrogen energy supply chain*1 in which liquefied hydrogen produced in Australia will be shipped to Japan.
Hydrogen is gaining popularity as a key next-generation energy source to combat global warming. It does not emit CO2 or other greenhouse gases during use, and expected applications include power generation, fuel cell vehicles and more.
With the goal of making hydrogen just as common a fuel source as petroleum and natural gas, Kawasaki joined together in 2016 with Iwatani Corporation (Iwatani), Shell Japan Limited, and Electric Power Development Co., Ltd. (J-POWER) to form the CO2-free Hydrogen Energy Supply-chain Technology Research Association (HySTRA).*2
This organization has, with the support of NEDO,*3 been pursuing technological development aimed at building an energy supply chain enabling economical and reliable sourcing of hydrogen in large volumes. In addition to this latest liquefied hydrogen carrier, a liquefied hydrogen unloading terminal is being built in Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture, and a brown coal gasification facility is being constructed in Australia.
In addition, a consortium*4 comprising Kawasaki, Iwatani and J-POWER along with Marubeni Corporation and AGL Loy Yang Pty Ltd, was formed in 2018 and has received financial support from the Australian and Victorian governments to build a gas refining facility, hydrogen liquefaction & loading terminal and more.
Kawasaki is pursuing this hydrogen business as part of its efforts toward sustainable development goals (SDGs), carrying out development projects in every phase including production, storage, transportation, and utilization. In 1981, Kawasaki became the first Asian company to manufacture a liquefied natural gas (LNG) carrier, and now as the world’s first company to complete a liquefied hydrogen carrier it will further its efforts toward achieving a Hydrogen Society.
|Length overall||116.0 m|
|Length between perpendiculars||109.0 m|
|Molded breadth||19.0 m|
|Molded depth||10.6 m|
|Molded draft||4.5 m|
|Gross tonnage||Approx. 8,000 t|
|Tank cargo capacity||Approx. 1,250 m3|
|Propulsion system||Diesel electric propulsion|
|Sea speed||Approx. 13.0 kn|
|Classification||Nippon Kaiji Kyokai (ClassNK)|
|Country of registration||Japan|
|Ship owner||CO2-free Hydrogen Energy Supply-chain Technology Research Association (HySTRA)|
*1 Planned implementation as part of NEDO’s Demonstration Project for Establishment of Mass Hydrogen Marine Transportation Supply Chain Derived from Unused Brown Coal.
*2 Established primarily to achieve technologies and carry out demonstration of everything from production of hydrogen via effective use of brown coal through to transportation and storage of said hydrogen, aimed at the cultivation of a CO2-free hydrogen supply chain and its commercialization. Marubeni Corporation joined HySTRA as a new member in 2018, and JXTG Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation in August 2019.
*3 New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization.
*4 Sumitomo Corporation joined as a new member in October 2019.