Pipes and Bends – An Essential Guide for Second Engineers – Part 3

In our last article Pipes and Bends – An Essential Guide for Second Engineers – Part 2 we discussed about bends, elbows and miter bends.  In this article we will discuss about different types of pipe fittings found on ships.

Pipe Fittings

Pipe fittings are special parts that are used for joining two pipes together, to join a different size pipe to the existing piping, to regulate flow of fluid, etc.

Pipe Fittings

Different types of pipe fittings are nipples, coupling, adapter, plugs, elbows, tees, valves etc. All the fittings are discussed below.

Nipple

A nipple is basically a pipe with male threads on each side to facilitate joining two pipes or fittings with similar female threads.

Nipple

It is made by cutting threads on both sides of a pipe by die or a suitable process. The nipples may be short or long.

Long Pipe Nipple

A long pipe nipple is similar to a standard nipple but longer in length.

Long Pipe Nipple

It is used when there is more distance between the fittings or when a fitting like a valve is to be put at a distance.

Hexagonal Nipple

A hexagonal nipple is a pipe connector with male threads on both sides and a hexagonal nut in between for easy installation and screwing.

Hexagonal Nipple

Both sides are to be screwed in pipe or fitting having reciprocating female threads.

Hexagonal Reducer Nipple

A hexagonal reducer nipple is a hexagonal shaped nipple with two different sizes of threads on each side.