How Variable Geometry Turbocharger for Marine Engines Works?

In order to draw the highest efficiency from marine engines, they must be run at the highest rated RPM. However, with several norms, traffic rules, fuel efficiency factor etc., marine engines cannot always be operated at high speed. As the RPM of the engine reduces, the air supply from the turbocharger also reduces, starving the combustion space of air and resulting in improper combustion and increased fuel consumption. To counter this problem, auxiliary blowers are fitted. These blowers come into action at particular low loads.

Variable Geometry Turbocharger or Variable Turbine Angle (VTA) Turbocharger is the solution for supplying sufficient scavenge air to marine engine’s cylinder at all load ranges. Let’s find out what is VTA and how does it works.

What is Variable Geometry Turbocharger or VTA?

A VGT or VTA is a turbocharger, wherein movable vanes are replaced for conventional fixed vanes, which can change angles to control the exhaust flow on the turbine blades.  This helps the engine control to balance the volume of air with the fuel along the entire engine load range.

 

Variable Geometry Turbocharger

Working of VTA

The VGT or VTA consists of nozzle rings equipped with adjustable angle changing vanes.

Each vane is connected to control a ring using a lever, which reduces the thermal hysteresis and increases the positional accuracy.

Variable Geometry Turbocharger

The vane position or the angle is adjusted by the control ring connected to the electric positional motor via reduction gear.

The control system governs the action of the microprocessor controlled positional motor. The position or angle of vanes is thus altered after comparing the feedback signals of – air pressure after the blower, and exhaust gas temperature before and after the turbocharger.

Advantages of VTA

  • Works on the entire load range of the engine
  • Eliminates the need of auxiliary blower
  • Reduces the fuel consumption
  • Reduces exhaust smoke emission and hence air pollution
  • Lower’s CO2 , Nox, and Sox emission
  • Reduces soot and carbon deposits on combustion and exhaust space
  • Reduces fouling of engine parts
  • Improves efficiency of the engine
  • Economical in operation


If you have any questions, please feel free to ask us in the comments below.

14 Comments

  1. Respected sir thankyou very much for all the new informations and explanations.Sir i am a trainee marine engg and i have to present a ppt presentation of 15min…in a company for final selection.My topic is fuel saving devices for ship please guide.Thankyou in advance.

  2. Dear Sumit: Some important fuel saving devices on ships are:

    – Shaft generator
    – Lambda control
    – Exhaust gas boiler
    – Hybrid turbocharger
    – VGT
    – Kite sail system
    – Waste Heat Recovery System
    – Speed Nozzle
    Please use “Search box” in the side bar in https://www.marineinsight.com to get more details about these systems.

  3. Respected sir,
    I have tried to include each and every topic u have suggested.I have included common rail and vit in addition.can u just hint me with the cross questions I have to counter..Thank you in advance.

  4. CAN ANY PLS POST ME THE ANSWER FOR THIS QUESTION.1.WHAT ARE THE FACTORS TO BE CONSIDERED FOR DESIGNING A TURBO CHARGER OF A MARINE ENGINE,2.WHAT IS THE FUNC TION OF THE SPCV (STAGNATION PRESSURE CONTROL VALVE) IN THE FUEL PUMP

  5. Does this have any affect on turbocharger surging? Does it reduce surging or negate it completely?
    Can you give a detailed explanation please?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.