The accident that occurred in the Port of Texas City on 16th April 1947 is a disaster that has been recorded as one of the deadliest industrial accidents in the world. The accident happened to a French Liberty Ship by the name of GrandCamp which was filled with 2,300 tons of ammonium nitrate.
In this accident, not only was the ship destroyed but there were a continuous series of chain-reaction like accidents that led to even more casualty of not just equipments and industrial stuff but also of human lives.
Around 581 deaths were reported of which only 405 bodies were managed to be identified. This tragedy led to the first case to be issued against the United States’ government because of its negligence under the scope of the Federal Tort Claims Act, which was just newly ordained then.
The accident happened in the morning at around 8.00 in the ship and then spread to the nearby located industrial areas and power plants. More than the ammonium nitrate, which caused the accident to trigger in the ship, it was the spread of the blast to the industrial areas that led to the incident becoming a major catastrophe.
Workers, general public walking on the street and fire-fighters, everyone lost their lives. Some of the people who died in the incident just happened to be at the right place at the wrong time or at the wrong place at the wrong time, if it could be termed that way. Out of the 28 fire fighters deployed along with the fire-fighting trucks, 27 fire-fighters lost their lives trying to stop the fire and the blast from spreading and escalating into the surrounding areas.
Apart from the dead, over 5,000 people were injured and around 2,000 had to be admitted to hospitals to get proper medical aid. Additionally, 2,000 people were left homeless and stranded because of the loss of around 500 residential homes and houses.
This entire happening of such an unthinkable mishap is often linked to be alongside the atom bomb bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki because of the magnitude of the loss – both financial as well as human. The only difference between the two being that the attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was well-planned and executed while this was completely unplanned and unexpected.
However, it has to be noted that while the GrandCamp accident was unexpected, the response to take care of the loss was very immediate and prompt. The efforts to rebuild what was lost to the accident by way of donations and other various contributions were enormous leading to a faster rebuilding of Texas City. Additionally it also needs to be noted that considering the hazard of the fire-fighters’ lives, a very important disaster management program was instituted so as to help the fire-fighters while dealing with difficult situations.
At least six decades have passed since the Port of Texas City got caught up in flames and explosions because of the presence of volatile elements in a ship. And in these six decades, many events have happened that have caused the GrandCamp incident to be forgotten – at least temporarily. Because forgetting an accident of such a magnitude forever is something that can never be achieved, by anyone.