8 Reasons That Make Ro-Ro Ship Unsafe to Work On

A ro-ro vessel is one of the most sought after cargo ships to work on. Providing both cargo and passengers carrying capabilities, ro-ro ships reaches ports more frequently and have shorter voyages. The flexibility, speed and the ship’s functionality to blend with other transportation modes has made it popular among seafarers.

However, there are things that make ro-ro ships dangerous to work on. Ro-ro ships have been criticized for a number of reasons, mainly because of one single reason – safety of the ship.

Safety being the primary concern of ship owner, operator, and seafarer, lately ro-ro ship has become less famous to work on. We bring you eight reasons that make ro-ro ship is a bit dangerous to work on as compared to other ships.

Ro-Ro Ship

1.  The Problem of Stability

If a vessel maintains its stability at sea then it is safer to sail. However, the problem with the RO-RO ship is its design, which includes cargo in upper decks and accommodation at even higher levels.

Even a minor shift of cargo in the ro-ro vessel can become a major threat to the stability of the ship. Similarly, hull failure leading to flooding can result in capsize of the vessel in no time. The effects of wind and bad weather on high accommodation can also disturb the ship’s stability.

2. High Freeboard

In Ro-Ro ships which carry only cargo, the general arrangement of cargo access door is close to the water line. In the event of listing, the door can get submerged leading to high chances for ingress of water inside the ship which will lead to capsize.

3.  Cargo Access Door

As discussed above the effect of listing of the ship leads to ingress of water if the cargo doors are open or damaged.  One weak point of ro-ro vessel is that sometimes the cargo door itself is used as a ramp which makes the ship more vulnerable to damages.

4.  Lack of Bulkheads

The subdivision of ro-ro ship from inside lacks from the transverse bulkheads, leading to lower water tight integrity when water ingress or flooding takes place. Lack of bulkhead also leads to spreading of fire more quickly as no subdivision is present to contain the fire.

5.  Location of Life Saving Appliances (LSA)

When a ship is to be abandoned, life raft and lifeboats are used to leave the ship as soon as possible. The location of lifeboat and life rafts on ro-ro ships is usually very high, which makes it even difficult to lower them at sea especially when the ship is listing.

6.  Weather condition

Another reason which acts externally on the Ro-Ro vessel is the rough weather, which may result in reduction in the stability and cause heavy rolling of the ship. Heavy rolling has lead to capsizing of ships in the past.

7.  Cargo stowage

Cargo stowage is very important operation on Ro-Ro vessel for any loose cargo (trailer, cars etc.) can give rise to a chain reaction leading to heavy shift in cargo position. The trucks and trawlers loaded on board also carry cargo inside them and any shift of that cargo can also lead to listing of the ship.

8.  Cargo Loading

It is very difficult to have a sequential loading of cargo as cargo arrives on terminals at different intervals and due to lack of time on port. This further leads to uneven cargo distribution, something for which nothing can be done about. Lack of proper cargo distribution has been the reason for several ship accidents in the past.

Image Credit: bestphotos

Do you have info to share with us ? Suggest a correction

Latest Ship Safety You Would Like:

How Ships Fight Corrosion at Sea

How Ships Fight Corrosion at Sea?

Posted on
Corrosion is a major issue for ships sailing at sea. In this article, we take a look at what systems and methods are used to prevent ship corrosion.
Mooring In Ships

What is Mooring of Ships?

Posted on
Mooring means fastening a vessel to any shore or land-based structure with the help of suitable mechanisms, so the vessel is not subjected to free motion. This land-based structure may include berths, jetties, piers, wharves, quays, etc. Read this article to know about mooring ships.
What Is A Mast Riser

What is a Mast Riser?

Posted on
A mast riser is essentially a device or, rather, a system to relieve the pressure accumulated inside the cargo tanks of oil tankers. Read this article to know everything about mast risers.
Safety Features on LNG Powered Ships

Safety Features on LNG Powered Ships

Posted on
There has been a tremendous increase in the transportation of LNG, as the value and scope of the LNG trade have risen. There are, however, some safety drawbacks that must be taken into consideration.
What is An Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB)

What is An Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRB)?

Posted on
An Epirb is specialized navigational equipment used at sea to indicate to other ships and shore about a particular ship’s whereabouts. It is an important safety device that must be carried by all seagoing vessels to alert search and rescue forces in an emergency.

Get the Latest Maritime News Delivered to Your Inbox!

Our free, fast, and fun newsletter on the global maritime industry, delivered everyday.

One Comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *