Merchant vessels that are employed to aid in the transiting of voyagers and passengers through the medium of water transportation are referred to as passenger ships. The terminology however covers a lot of aspects under its umbrella, thus rendering a generalised nature to its nominal citation.
The criteria for passenger vessels are governed as per stipulations set by the International maritime Organisation (IMO). These stipulations not only specify the minimal amount of surface area required for a dozen voyagers but also lay down the regulatory requirements to ensure the safety and security of passengers.
As per the classification of the classification society DNV (Det Norske Veritas), passenger vessels are also sub-divided into broad categories on the basis of their utilisation and size.
- Passenger ships that are utilised only for the purposes of transiting voyagers
- Vessels that in addition to transiting voyagers are also utilised to transit vehicles from one destination to another.
- Passenger vessels that also carry cargo
Apart from this distinction, there have been specified numerous types of passenger ships. Each of the vessel types can be elaborated as follows:
Ferry ships are those vessels which are used to transit voyagers on short-natured water travel routes. Ferry ships can be dual in nature that is, either they can be vessels are only used for the purposes of transporting passengers or they can be ships that can also carry vehicular load along with the intake of voyagers.
The latter kind of ferrying vessels are referred to as a Ro/Ro vessels as they make use of ‘Roll On/Roll Off’ ramping systems to enable easy loading and unloading of the vehicles.
High Speed Ferries are special type of ferries with capability of sailing at high speed and are mainly used for transiting passengers.
Cruise ships are the most famous type of merchant vessels which are used for transiting of passengers from one country to another for recreational trips. Though presently cruise vessels are used for recreational transiting of passengers, these vessels were preceded by voyager vessels that aided in the transporting of voyagers for commercial purposes internationally.
Cruise ships are also divided mainly on the basis of size. The main types are:
- Large cruise ships
- Small cruise ships
Since passenger vessels’ capacitance is quantified on the basis of their GRT (Gross Registered Tonnage), vessels which have been built with higher GRTs can be called as large cruise ships, while those with smaller GRTs can be denoted as small cruise ships. The voyager carrying capacitance would also likewise vary between the likes of the larger and smaller cruise ship types.
These days, passenger vessels are like floating cities, having the very best luxuries and facilities for a safe and lavish voyage. Read more about the top luxury cruise ships in the world. Moreover, some of the biggest and best ships in the world are cruise ships.
Read about some amazing cruise ships:
Liners are more traditional form of cruise ships which are used to transit passengers from one country to another, along with the best amenities.
Special Cruise Ships
Cruise ships built for visiting specific regions of the world are termed as special cruise ships. For e.g. cruise ships visiting Polar Regions (Arctic and Antarctic) are called polar cruise ships . They are specially designed and built to face the tough environment of such extreme climatic regions.
Passenger ships, both of the ferry ships and the cruise ships variances, have become extremely popular in contemporary times. Providing a sense of novelty amongst the likes of road, rail and aerial travelling options, passenger vessels help people to re-associate themselves with the marvel that only oceanic vistas can offer.