The USS Gerald R. Ford-class carriers are built by the United States, while the Admiral Kuznetsov-class carriers are built by Russia.
The Gerald R. Ford has a larger displacement, with a full load displacement of approximately 100,000 tons, whereas the Kuznetsov has a displacement of around 55,000 tons.
The Gerald R. Ford is powered by two A1B nuclear reactors, providing greater speed and endurance, while the Kuznetsov uses conventional steam turbines.
The USS Gerald R. Ford employs an Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System for launching aircraft. The Kuznetsov uses a ski-jump ramp for launching aircraft.
The Gerald R. Ford has a larger hangar and deck space, enabling them to accommodate more aircraft. The Kuznetsov has a smaller capacity and primarily carry Russian-designed aircraft.
The Gerald R. Ford has advanced defense systems, and an integrated air and missile defense system. The Kuznetsov has less advanced defensive capabilities.
The Gerald R. Ford is designed for global power projection, with capabilities for multiple mission types. The Kuznetsov primarily serves as a strategic asset for Russia's naval presence in specific regions.
The USS Gerald R. Ford-class carriers are newer, with the lead ship commissioned in 2017. The Admiral Kuznetsov, have been in service since the late 1980s and may require extensive modernization to maintain operational effectiveness.