The US Navy is the largest navy in the world in terms of overall tonnage, no. of ships, and aircraft carriers.
US Navy operates a larger fleet of aircraft carriers, whereas the Russian Navy, currently has only 1 aircraft carrier.
Both the United States and Russia possess a significant number of nuclear-powered submarines.
US Navy has a greater number of surface combatants compared to the Russian Navy.
US Navy maintains a broader global presence. The Russian Navy, also maintains a global presence, and has a more limited reach.
US Navy focuses on power projection and expeditionary warfare. The Russian Navy focuses more on maintaining strategic deterrence.
US Navy has advanced anti-submarine warfare capabilities compared to the Russian Navy.
The US Navy has a long-standing history of global naval dominance, which contributes to its high ranking.