The Persian Gulf is a vital waterway separating Arabia from southwestern Asia.
It covers 93,000 sq miles and is 615 miles long and 55-340 km wide.
Iran borders it from the north, east, and northeast, while Oman and UAE surround it from the south and southeast.
The Gulf's coastal areas are home to the world's largest crude oil reserves, leading to conflicts in the region.
It began forming 500,000 years ago and is now filled with deposits from Mesopotamian rivers.
It has many islands, including Qeshm, Hormuz, and Abu Musa.
The Gulf contains significant oil resources, providing roughly 30% of the world's oil.
It has 730 billion barrels of oil and over 70 trillion cubic meters of natural gas.