The Black Sea is also known as the Euxine Sea, is a major water body and a famous inland sea located between Eastern Europe and Western Asia.
It was once considered inhospitable and challenging for navigation due to the presence of savage tribes on its shores and anoxic nature of its water.
However, the Black Sea is now a popular tourist attraction and is home to a rich collection of flora and fauna, including more than ten small islands.
It is spread over an area of 436,400 km2 and is surrounded by Europe, Caucasus, and Anatolia. It is connected to the Mediterranean Sea through the Bosporus and Dardanelles Straits.
The origin of the name 'Black Sea' remains unclear, but it is believed to have been provided by the Turkish during the Ottoman Empire period.
It has anoxic water with a significant absence of oxygen, making it the largest water body with a meromictic basin in the world.
It was once a freshwater lake before the entry of saltwater due to the rise in the Mediterranean Sea, and there are theories that it was the site of the catastrophic flood mentioned in the Noah's Ark story in the Bible.
The water level of the Black Sea remains steady, unlike other seas, as it has a balanced inflow and outflow of water.