Shipping Getting Anti-Competitive For Smallest States, UN Says

reuters logo Shipping mergers are leaving an increasing number of countries serviced by too few suppliers to ensure a competitive market, the U.N. trade and economic thinktank UNCTAD said on Wednesday.

Globally, there is now an average of 15.7 companies offering regular container shipping services to each country, a number that has declined steadily from 22.1 in 2004, UNCTAD said in its annual Review of Maritime Transport.

“I don’t see any reason why this trend would not continue,” said Jan Hoffmann, head of trade facilitation at UNCTAD and coordinator of the report.

Representation Image - Photograph by Keegan Welken
Representation Image – Photograph by Keegan Welken

The three biggest firms — Maersk Line A/S, Mediterranean Shipping Company, and CMA CGM S.A. — have 35 percent of the world market, the report said. At the start of this year, the top 20 firms controlled 83 percent of container shipping capacity globally, and all their new orders were for bigger vessels.

“The average vessel size per country will continue to grow and so we expect there will be fewer companies in individual markets, and this is an increasing challenge for the smallest players,” Hoffmann said.

When a country has fewer than four suppliers, it risks getting squeezed because there is less pressure on shippers to compete by cutting costs, he said.

There were now 32 such countries, up from 22 in 2004. Most are small island states such as Kiribati, Micronesia and Samoa. But the list also includes Iceland, Qatar, Iraq, Latvia, Eritrea, Montenegro and Cambodia.

“It’s getting more challenging for the smallest players. For the big ones – China, Europe – whether you still have 20 countries competing or 15, it doesn’t matter, you still have a choice. But when it goes down from three to two, or from two to one, then you have a critical situation.”

There was no “government of the seas” with powers to protect small states against such monopolies, and it was a tricky problem to solve, he said.

But small island states – many of which are seen to be at risk from global warming and rising sea levels – could push for tighter environmental standards, which would force many older ships to be scrapped and help to curb the cost pressure that was contributing to the shrinking number of shipping firms.

“It would be good for the shipping industry and for the environment if we had more stringent environmental regulations that would encourage ship scrapping,” he said.

(Reporting by Tom Miles Editing by Jeremy Gaunt.)

Copyright 2015 Thomson Reuters. Click here for Restrictions

Disclaimer :
The information contained in this website is for general information purposes only. While we endeavour to keep the information up to date and correct, we make no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, about the completeness, accuracy, reliability, suitability or availability with respect to the website or the information, products, services, or related graphics contained on the website for any purpose. Any reliance you place on such information is therefore strictly at your own risk.

In no event will we be liable for any loss or damage including without limitation, indirect or consequential loss or damage, or any loss or damage whatsoever arising from loss of data or profits arising out of, or in connection with, the use of this website.

Do you have info to share with us ? Suggest a correction

Latest Shipping News You Would Like:

Get the Latest Maritime News Delivered to Your Inbox!

Our free, fast, and fun newsletter on the global maritime industry, delivered everyday.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *