Meeting in the margins of the Shaping the Future of Shipping conference in Glasgow, the Deputy Executive Director of the Green Climate Fund, the Secretary-General of the International Maritime Organization, and the Secretary-General of the International Chamber of Shipping met to discuss funding options for the proposed ‘IMO Maritime Research Fund’ (IMRF).
A key aim of the meeting was to develop potential solutions to ensure that developing economies from Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, Eastern Europe, Central Asia, and the Pacific can access technology and funding for zero-carbon ships and the required infrastructure.
One solution to be discussed further in the coming weeks is the potential availability of up to USD 1.5 million from the GCF Project Preparation Facility (PFF) to fast track the creation of the IMRF; a USD 5 billion research and development fund to accelerate research and development into zero-emission technologies to be used by shipping.
The PPF, to be requested by a GCF Accredited Entity to develop the proposal, could be used to pay for the feasibility and governance work required to set up the fund quickly as soon as it is approved by the IMO. The IMRF proposal would provide guaranteed levels of funding to all member countries at no cost to taxpayers, to accelerate the production of zero-emission ships.
The International Maritime Organization (IMO) are due to review a proposal to form a USD 5 billion R&D programme at its next Marine Environment Protection Committee to be held right after COP26. The USD 5 billion funds would be overseen by IMO and financed through a mandated R&D contribution by shipowners of USD 2 per tonne of marine fuel consumed. The shipping industry wants the fund in place by 2023.
Javier Manzanares, Deputy Executive Director of the Green Climate Fund, said:
“GCF supports the objective of reducing emissions within the maritime industry. The proposed Research and Development fund could provide access to climate technologies for developing countries with the aim of reducing the CO2 footprint of the shipping industry, which would be very welcome. GCF is proud to have joined the global methane pledge, which has strong synergies with this initiative, and welcomes moves to foster innovation that will drive the climate transformation of the maritime industry.”
Guy Platten, secretary-general of the International Chamber of Shipping, commented:
“In 2019, our industry put forward a proposal to create a USD 5 billion innovation fund to kick start the R&D needed to deploy the technologies required to deliver a zero emissions future. This would not add a penny in taxes and would provide a fund which could be leveraged by industry and governments. This is a no brainer, something that all governments can jump at to send a clear message that the world is serious about the energy transition and climate goals.
“I am grateful for the leadership of the Green Climate Fund and their attention given to the initiatives highlighted here at COP26, as well as their interest in supporting the IMO Maritime Research Fund, particularly for developing countries. All the preparation has been done to ensure we can hit the ground running as soon as the IMRF proposal is approved. With the GCF funds we would also have the start-up funds in place. The only thing that can stop us now are Member States willingness to live up to the commitments they are making here in Glasgow.”
The meeting also discussed the possibility of GCF providing additional support to developing economies to attract match funding, which could significantly increase the levels of R&D available to developing economies.