5 Things to Keep in Mind Before Joining Merchant Navy

Planning to join merchant navy? Joining merchant navy is a very unique career choice, but then there are certain things that you should consider before making it your career. The list of why merchant marine is a very good career option (or not so good one),  is very long but with the help of these top five points, knowing why to opt for marine careers and what to look out for before joining the merchant navy will become genuinely easy.

Right Qualification

Not everyone can join merchant navy. The most important thing needed by a person to be a part of the marine careers is the right qualification from the right merchant marine academy. Different countries have their own merchant navy rules and academies so it becomes necessary to enrol in the appropriate academy as required by the nation’s merchant marine laws to get the required qualifications.


Choose the Right Job

Merchant marine offers a lot of job options – from technical to non-technical professionals. Radio officers, captains, pursers (people who are in-charge of managing the accounts), able-bodied seamen, chefs, first mate and second mate are the kind of jobs that are available to the interested people. You are the best judge of your capabilities, so choose your stream accordingly. Some positions come with high responsibilities and you should be ready to deliver your best.

Health and Fitness

You wouldn’t be selected if you are not fit. Health and fitness is the 3rd most important thing before you consider joining merchant navy. Since the merchant navy men have to be on the water for a major portion of the year, their health and fitness becomes a major concern. People with bad health cannot be a part of the marine careers as it could cause problems for not just themselves but to the entire ship as well. Life on ship demands great physical fitness, so don’t opt for the career if you feel you won’t be able to deliver physically.

Almost Negligible Social Life

The fourth aspect involved is about the amount of time spent offshore. If you are a social animal who likes to mingle with friends on every opportunity you can find, then better stay away from Merchant navy. Since merchant navy is all about business and commercial activities at sea, the merchant vessel spends a lot of time on the sea than on port. This is why, when a person is thinking about joining merchant navy, the person needs to think a lot about the time period. If the person is adventurous, then the time period could go to the person’s advantage but if the person has a shy personality and needs emotional anchorage from friends and family then marine careers could be disadvantageous as it could lead to homesickness and unnecessary problems due to the person’s inability to adjust to the job.


Image Credits: itfglobal.org

Personality and Attitude

The person’s personality and nature plays a very vital role when on ship. Being a part of the merchant navy will allow a person to not only meet new people but learn lots of new things about different cultures of the world. A person who is adventurous, as mentioned in the previous point could learn and grasp lot of point that could prove beneficial for the merchant navy ship. But for a person who does not interact with people that much, the job could prove to be difficult. Note that there will be only 20 faces or even lesser with whom you would be interacting for months each day. So even if you have some problem with any crew member, you have no option but to work with him, keeping the grudges aside. If you feel you are not the kind of person, who can compartmentalize his or her mind, then better give this career a miss. This is why it becomes important before joining merchant navy to know what type of a person one is and whether merchant navy will suit the person or not. Have some time with yourself and then decide.

Apart from all these points, it is also necessary that an applicant who wants to join marine careers does not have any past criminal record. If a person does have any such record, then he or she will not be eligible to join merchant marine.

Merchant navy is a lucrative career option and for the person who follows all the necessary steps needed to be primarily taken, it is one of the best career options of today’s times. However, as with every field, there are few drawbacks attached with this as well. So choose the career of merchant navy wisely in case you are planning to.

You may also like to read-Top 10 Ways to Pass Time On ShipStress and Ways to Fight it On Ship


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  1. says


    My self MD ASIF RAZA, i am intrested in merchant navy becouse i want to
    travel all of world by ship so i want to join merchant navy. please guide
    me which is the best institute for merchant navy in india.
    i have 12th pas with phy+che+math+ 50% and english 38%?
    please gimme info about my carear.


  2. aayush says

    i gave my 12th exams from commerce stream with computer science this year…….and i dont have maths as a subject…..but i m good in communication skills…i.e-english…m i eligible to join this ?

  3. Anish says

    @ Aayush: Physics, chemistry and maths are the compulsory subjects for career as a Merchant navy officer.

  4. vishal sharma says

    plz tell me what i have to do , to be in merchant navy , i have completed my 12th this year

  5. Mayank says

    Dear sir,
    i want to make my career in Merchant Navy, as i think that i am adventurous and can give my best in merchant navy, i also completed my B.Tech degree in Information Technology in 2011, so plz tell me what are the different opportunities for me in merchant navy and which are the good colleges for merchant navy.

  6. Anand patel says

    hi sir ,
    my self anand patel, i m studing in electronic & communication degree engineering.
    so i ask that what should do for pre-preparation for joining merchant navy, tell me criteria for join MN.
    thanks a lot!

  7. Ehtesham says

    I wish to join and work on board my documents are in progress when CDC will be given to me
    i will apply for a job i,m also graduate in Commerce.

    I like this most interesting information about merchant navy.

  8. Hitesh Upreti says

    i have completed B.Tech from Computer Science Stream with 65% aggregate , I am so much interested in merchant navy so ,can i join merchant navy and which ranks/positions are open for me…my eyesight is weak but after wearing specs it is quite well can this can lead to disqualification in medical test…

  9. gaurav gaba says

    I have commerce student now doing 2 with commerce straem with no maths. Am i eligible to join merchant navy as a carrer. If yes, then in which field & how.

  10. Rishabh aggarwal says

    Respected sir,
    i m doing 12th dis year n i m confused dat merchant navy is good or not for my career so just pllz tell me wat to do…??
    N yes i also want to know each n every thing about merchant navy (best company, procedure, fee structures, about coures, etc, etc)
    so that in future if my interest develop towards it den i will join it….
    Thank u…!!

  11. Divyansh sharma says

    I am a divyansh sharma study in 9 class I interested in merchant navy I got 78 %in class 8 so I am to merchant.t navy my father dreams that my son is going to merchant navy

  12. rohit shetake says

    I am in science strim and not I will complete my 12th year so what can I do to join this navy.
    please tell me about me this at my g-mail login please…..

  13. Gaurav Kumar says

    Sir, if i have an emergency in my famly when on ship, will i be allowed to come back or not????

  14. yogesh kumar says

    myself yogesh presently persuingb.tech in mechanical engg.i am very much passionate about marchant navy ,pls tell me the possible entry mode to join m navy.

  15. chandan hari says

    i m very much interested in joining this job……..but i m from commerce stream..what to do… please help

  16. sangram nayak says

    pls tell me ,i have passed ssc & iti in disel mechanic can i eligible for merchant navy?

  17. benniz boban says


  18. kiran says

    Sir could you suggest how to apply and get job in any good shipping comp.
    i hv ind cdc. N im freshr.
    so if you can help me..then tell me.
    thankng you.

  19. Namneet singh says

    sir…..i have completed my BE in mechanical and scored 84%
    can i join merchant navy as a engineer
    pls suggest my some good marine insitute in india……….can i get good salary

  20. Akhil .L says

    i am B.E.mechanical engineering student.i like to work in merchant navy field.can i have get job without doing GME course.

  21. says

    Dear Akhil,

    Since you are an engineer and you are best suited for Marine engineer job on ship, you have to go through the GME course.

  22. anurag says

    i have compelite gp rating cource.nd i have Belize CDC.wht is my career in m.navy.pls tell me.

  23. Baskar says

    Now i am studying mechanical engineering 2 year after completing my b.e can i join marine plz help me…

  24. akash says

    The best place to join merchant navy is through some shipping companies who can provide you sponsored training. There are no of companies in india like West line ship Management Pvt Ltd and many more from where you can get trained and get placed.

  25. vivek singh says


  26. Ayush says

    Hello Sir, I am highly interested in meerchant navy, but I hear that some companies allow their working cadets to work for six months, and rest for six months. Is it true!

  27. Ayush says

    Sir, how muh time does it take to get a promotion. Is there a system for promotions such as age limits, or does it totally depend on work experience and contribution for the company.

  28. Ayush says

    Sir, please describe the kind of personality that a deck cadet must have, and for succesive posts as well. Please mention the cons of merchant navy, if any. Though I highly doubt there will be any.

  29. manoj kumar rohidas says

    helllo sir,
    my 10th-65.5%
    +2 is 47.3%
    i like to read in cource in engene dipart.
    how i can dooo…..

  30. nadeem ahmed says

    sir what should I do for joining the merchant navy I have completed 12th with p+c+m 68.7rank at my best ..can you give me some suggestion for my career pls sir

  31. says

    Dear Nadeem,

    You need to appear for IMU-CET (common entrance test). 60% PCM is the required eligibility criteria for Marine Engineering course.

  32. anurag says

    i have compelitegp rating cource.ndi have Belize CDC.wht is my career in m.navy.pls tell me.
    pls sir

  33. Raymond smith Dkhar says

    Sir i kindly study in 11arts this year…and i have heartly wanted to join navy and im more interested to go for it…any institute that suits me…kindly plz let me know

  34. says

    Sir I’m of 35 yr old n a married person n I’v worked in army for 15 yrs n I’v got 72% in pcm n 86% in english in 12th standardized. Sir I would like to know is there any scope for me in merchant navy because I m very much interested to b a mariner. So sir plz do reply n help me.
    I will b very thankfull to u!

  35. francis N says

    Dear sir,
    Now i am 26th can u join be marine engineering from 2 year’s. Because I completed DME 68% .it’s possible r not sir

  36. rumman says

    I have passed SSC with A grade having 75% .in what way should I apply for merchant Navy

  37. hemant says

    I want join merchant navy so plz guide and I have 12 pass out in sbj math phy che. Plz tell me sir how to join merchant navy?

  38. roshan kumar says

    I got 71% in PCM..nd 92 in eng …m confused which 1 to join plzz help me tell me a good traning college.I hav applied to Anglo eastern…BUt I dont know hwz d college is…plz tell me a good one…where 100% placement is there..hoping for a quick response….

  39. Sumit Sharma says

    Respected sir/mam

    I am sumit and I just want to know about the bright future in merchant navy for a BCA student . And I complete my 12 th from HPBOSE with 55% marks which not be eligible for me to join merchant navy at that time . I think i might be crosses 70 % in BCA after then i am eligible or not.hoping for quick respond .

  40. says

    @ Sumit

    For 10+2 students, eligibility requirement includes PCM marks>= 60%
    If you are undergoing a degree course, it should have physics as one subject and age for joining as a deck cadet should not be more than 25 years.

  41. Vernon Lobo says

    I have answered my 12th Science with (P+C+M ) . I would like to do BSC in Nautical Science. Is there a entrance exam to take admission for Nautical Science . I want to join the merchant navy as deck officer .

  42. vaibhav peer says

    i have completed my B.E in mechanical with 55 % aggregate. i want to join merchant navy. what are the steps i should follow and what are the best institutes i should apply for? please suggest and also the procedure.
    thank you

  43. vivekanandhan says

    I going to complete 6month deck cadet course and after getting blieze cdc wat is the procedure for applying for job is blieze cdc is acceptable in india for job

  44. Mahendra mirgal says

    Hi I am Mahendra I can join the merchant navy how to apply for the first time in the Indian navy. …

  45. Dastgir khan says

    sir,,,, i have an institute which guarentees job after the cource but on net i have seen many reviews of people that they have done gp rating cource and now they are sitting idle yet bcoz of no jobs,, so i want to know the reason behind it… i am worried that will my money be waisted by joining merchant navy??? another question is that does it matters to do cources from a higher/lower level institutes?????

  46. says


    Check the last 2 years placement record (contact senior students of the college for this info). If the college says 100% placement assistance, this does not mean a guaranteed job. Any thing in black and white from the college will hold good as a proof of guaranteed placement.
    Yes. It does matter from which institute you are passing out.

  47. Harender pal says

    sir,I have completed the diploma in mechanical, so plz tell me how can I join the merchant navy?????

  48. sarath says

    im a graduate in electrical engineering. i came across the course named ETO(electro technical officer ).the course seems to suit me . but ,im really confused on deciding the institute. i cannot risk myself on placements. would u suggest an institute with decent placement record. ?

  49. Karamveer singh says

    Hy sir, can you please tell me that while opting commerce stream with physical fitness can i join murchant navy right now i am in +2 class

  50. gurjeet singh says

    hello sir my name is gurjeet singh and i pass +2 with good result and i am fit and healthy so i want to join murchant navy it is my dream

  51. kaushal says

    i have pursued baf and i have attaine 74% . am i eligible to be in account dept in merchant navy if yes what should i do for it

  52. says

    @ Kaushal: Their is no such post in merchant navy. You can join a shipping company in their shore office with such opening, as any other business entity.

  53. Ashok Duggal says

    hellllooooo sir
    I m doing a course of DNS from IMA ( international maritime academy ) , from Chennai but without sponsorship..
    nd my question is that sir
    can I will get a sponsorship from any companies after completing a DNS course from IMA??

  54. Mahendra Singh says

    Respected Sir,
    Please convey for Social & Family life of Second Engineer in Merchant Navy.

  55. aakash says

    hi sir
    I’m having overall 70.2% in 10 2.and 66% in pcm also 76% in english….
    I waana know ,how I can get a sponsorship? n which componies are providing dis? n also what is the avg. salary offered to the trainee officer…. plz repy me in my e-mai id.that is aakashchand123@rediffmail.com thnk u

  56. gaurav kumar singh says


    i love to join navy .but i am avg student doing B.E Engineering . I want your help , just tel me whather i can
    join navy if i have lost 2 years in Engineering. pls reply on my E-mail id that is

    i wil be very thankful

  57. Manoj kumar Biswal says

    Respected Sir,
    I have completed my BSC(H)BIOTECHNOLOGY with 62% , and I have done some computer courses also. Sir is there any scope for me to get a job in merchant navy.

  58. says

    To work on Engine side of ship, you need to have degree in mechanical.
    To work on deck side, PCM requirement in 12th + age limit criteria to be fullfilled.

  59. kartik chafekar says

    after completing mechanical engineering
    what is the criteria to join merchant navy……..my interest is to join merchant navy

  60. rakesh says

    i am rakesh and i want to join merchant navy and now i am studying in engg as mechanical student. i want join this trough sponsorship and i heard that “Alpha 9 marine services” they will offer this and can you suggest me is it not fake na …..plz

  61. Shamith says

    Dear sir,

    Westline shipping is coming to recruit in our college.
    I’m doing my final year B.E mechanical engineer…Is this the best institute to join?? is there a 100% guarantee of a job?? If not which is the best institute in India to join??

  62. Rekha says

    I completed my plus two computer science and I joined ITI (computer operating and programming assistant ) .I want to become a navy officer what can I do.

  63. Nikhil Mahadik says

    Sir, i am passed 12th with pcm 52.66% can i join merchant navy and in which course. My age is 18

  64. shahbaaz says

    Sir i had done my degree in arts . Is there any opportunities for me in
    Merchant navy if yes then plz suggest me suitable course and best institute
    Plz sir

  65. ricky kumar says

    sir,i am a appearing 12th in pcm ,what i am confuse between diploma in nautical science and degree in nautical science,plz tell me which is the best career diploma or degree,,,,please help me

  66. Yash Kaushik says

    sir I just need to ask that I am a poor student but its my dream to become an Merchant navy and even I am the only son of my daddy what should I do…I will complete my 12th by the next year…what should be my next step sir?

  67. prabhjot cheema says

    sir,pls tell me,i have commerce in 12th with phycal education. Can i eligible for merchant navy??

  68. Hemant says

    I hv done Bsc in computer science…my 12 th std pcm is less dan 55%… m I elligible for deck cadet or other..plz reply

  69. anuj shah says

    i want to join merchant navy but my stream is commerce and no maths and i M mad for merchant navy help me

  70. ANU says

    I am totaly intrsted to join in navy,bt idont konw what was i do for that,…now i am in 12th,i dont konw where tha collage ,what tha fee,and how i will ready for that,and tha qualification for a navy student

  71. sunil says

    sir, iam persuing my final year b.tech from electronics and communication engineering. but i want to join merchant navy as a deck officer.so kindly show me right path for the same as how to aplly nd to whom to apply.its really very important and urgent too sir.

  72. tarun says


    Can you please tell me currently in merchant navy which post have maximum placement opportunity. so after completing course on you should not be a jobless.

  73. aniket shinde says

    respected sir ..
    i hv just given my 12th exams n I wish to join merchant navy as a deck officer .. so would u please suggest me what should I do further in order to apply for that post n I am giving the IMU cet exam too ….. so would u plz guide me ..
    u can mail me at
    thank u

  74. atharva rajas says

    I have just passed my x. i am interested in merchant navy. sir can you please guide me.

  75. Ifije Austiano says

    well,I must say that am very impress of reading the rules and regulations guarding MN,if these are what needed financially am OK with it,but I am just 21 years old having the dream from childhood, writing my ssce now,hopefully am going to make it because am physically fit.

  76. Ashutosh mishra says

    Sir i am a class X student i opted PCM as my subject and i want to know if i am eligible for this field, and i am very much interested in this field because i like the adventure stuff!
    Please suggest me sir
    thank u

  77. SHIVAM SONI says


  78. aakash yadav says

    Mr. Anish
    I am in 12th class
    How i join merchant navy after paSsing 12th

    Please guide me

  79. Jeevan says

    Hello sir my self am jeevan reddy nd am having NCVT in marine engines, am having a doubt tht am having an eye sight am i eligible fo cdc…plz give a suggestion sir…

  80. kundan kumar says

    dear sir.
    I am studing at 12th pcm I want to join merchant navy as a deck cadet …I want to know about entrance exam to purse it …please suggest me ….kya deck cadet ke course ke bad bhi fee lagta hai 3rd/2nd officer ke liye

  81. shivam shukla says

    Dear sir
    I am studing at clas-11clas-11th p.c.m. I want to join merchant navy so plze say sir what can i do…sir plze help me to join merchant navy

  82. says

    @Shivam: Get 60% in PCM + english i 12th and maintain a good health. You can opt for IMU CET exams once you clear your class 12

  83. Karan sharma says

    Hello sir, I am 19 year old and completed my 12 from commerce with maths and scored 55%. I wants to join indian navy and wants to earn and explore the world. I am 6″ with 55 kg weight. So can you please tell me that m I eligible for Indian navy and which post is suitable to me as per my bio data.

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